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Stály rozhodcovský súd

The Stály rozhodcovský súd has been established by the association of legal persons Asociácia stálych rozhodcovských súdov, with registered seat at Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, Identification No. (IČO): 45 744 912, registered in the Register of associations of legal persons by the District Office Bratislava, Reg. No. OU-BA-OVVS1-2014/101372 in accordance with Section 12 et seq. of Act No. 244/2002 Coll. on Arbitration as amended as a private and independent arbitration body. The function of the Stály rozhodcovský súd is to provide settlement of disputes by arbitration as an alternative dispute resolution.

In accordance with legislative changes effective from January 1st, 2015 the arbitration agreements, which refer to the Stály rozhodcovský súd established by the company Stály rozhodcovský súd a.s., with registered seat at Dr. Vladimíra Clementisa 10, 821 02 Bratislava, Identification No. (IČO): 36 725 439, registered with the Commercial Registry of the District Court Bratislava I, Section: Sa, Insert No. 4064/B, refer to the Stály rozhodcovský súd established by the association of legal persons Asociácia stálych rozhodcovských súdov, with registered seat at Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, Identification No. (IČO): 45 744 912, registered in the Register of associations of legal persons by the District Office Bratislava, Reg. No. OU-BA-OVVS1-2014/101372.

Private Character of the Stály rozhodcovský súd

Stály rozhodcovský súd has been established as a private and independent institution; its arbitrators are not representatives of state authority.

Juridiction

The Stály rozhodcovský súd settles solely disputes concerning proprietary matters of domestic and international character arising from civil and commercial relations.
The competence of the Stály rozhodcovský súd is limited to resolve proprietary matters that are capable to be finally resolved by a court settlement before ordinary courts.
The Stály rozhodcovský súd may not resolve disputes concerning a) origination, change, or termination of ownership or other proprietary rights to real estate, b) personal status, c) issues related to enforcement of judgements, d) issues that arise during bankruptcy and restructuring proceedings, e) between suppliers and consumers arising from a consumer contract or related to a consumer contract.

Principle of Voluntariness in Arbitration

Stály rozhodcovský súd is competent to resolve dispute between parties only if the parties agree thereon in the arbitration agreement.

Arbitration Agreement

Arbitration agreement is an agreement between the contracting parties that certain or all disputes arising or that shall arise between the parties in relation to certain contractual or other relation shall be settled in arbitration.
Arbitration agreement shall be in writing, otherwise is invalid. Non-compliance with a written form of arbitration agreement may be substituted by a declaration of the parties recorded in minutes prepared by an arbitrator until commencement of arbitration at the latest, whereby the parties submit their dispute to the jurisdiction of the Stály rozhodcovský súd..
Arbitration agreement may have the form of a separate agreement or an arbitration clause included in contract. The parties may agree that the arbitration agreement refers to settlement of their future disputes that may arise in their mutual civil and commercial relations; however, the parties may also agree upon arbitration agreement referring to existing dispute. The arbitration agreement may be concluded also in respect to the dispute pending before the ordinary court.

Speed of the Proceedings

The dispute brought before the Stály rozhodcovský súd may be finally settled within several months depending on complicity and severity of the dispute in question. This is an enormous acceleration of the proceedings compared to proceedings brought before ordinary courts in which it takes several years to reach a final judgment.
The following factors contribute to speed of arbitration proceedings: By the speed of arbitration effective protection of rights of the parties to arbitration is ensured. The Stály rozhodcovský súd is at the same time able to ensure effective and rapid protection of rights of the parties to arbitration even in case of enforcement of a higher number of claims with a smaller nominal value.

Lower Costs of Arbitration

Costs incurred to the parties in arbitration are lower in comparison with the proceedings before ordinary courts because: The party being successful in the arbitration is entitled to a compensation of costs of arbitration against the losing party

Experienced Arbitrators

The Roll of Arbitrators of the Stály rozhodcovský súd contains qualified and experienced professionals in the area of law, banking and economics. Special emphasis is given to their experience and skills because they serve as a guarantee of professional examination of merits of the dispute and issuance of justified arbitration award.
Arbitrators are independent and impartial in arbitration proceedings what guarantees justified dispute resolution before the Stály rozhodcovský súd.

Appointment of Arbitrators

The parties to arbitration actively participate in appointment of arbitrators that shall settle their dispute.
The parties have the possibility to appoint an arbitrator sufficiently skilled and experienced for objective and justified settlement of their dispute of specific area.

In the arbitration agreement, the parties to arbitration may: If the parties do not reach an agreement in accordance with the previous sentence: The parties may agree in accordance with the internal rules of the Stály rozhodcovský súd upon appointment of a person not registered with the Roll of Arbitrators to the position of arbitrator provided that such person fulfils general as well as special requirements for registration with the Roll of Arbitrators.

Contrary to the arbitration, in proceedings brought before the ordinary courts the parties may not influence in any way the appointment of the judge competent to settle their dispute.

Equal Standing of the Parties to Arbitration

Parties to arbitration before the Stály rozhodcovský súd ave equal standing. Each party has an equal opportunity to exercise its rights and is provided with an equal protection thereof.

Written Form of Arbitration

Arbitration before the Stály rozhodcovský súd is proceeded principally in written form, while the Stály rozhodcovský súd settles the disputes on basis of written statements of the parties, documents presented and evidence exercised.

Arbitration before the Stály rozhodcovský súd may occur in form of oral hearings only if the parties expressly agreed thereon in the arbitration agreement or if any party requests so in its first written statement addressed to the Stály rozhodcovský súd and other parties express their consent therewith.

Confidential Nature of Arbitration

Arbitration before the Stály rozhodcovský súd is not public. Advantage of the fact that the public has no access, is that the parties to arbitration are protected before unwanted leak of confidential information on their civil and commercial relations. Further, arbitrators are bound to keep confidentiality on all facts they have been informed when performing their functions or in connection therewith and even after termination thereof.

Contrary to the arbitration, a proceeding before ordinary courts is public and presence of public attendants at the hearing may be excluded only in exceptional circumstances expressly set by the law.

Representation of the Parties in Arbitration

It is not mandatory to be represented by an attorney in arbitration before the Stály rozhodcovský súd. The party has discretion to represent itself in arbitration or to appoint a representative that may be also other person than attorney.

One-Tier System of Arbitration

Arbitration is generally terminated by an arbitration award delivered by the Stály rozhodcovský súd in one-tier proceedings.
Only if the parties expressly agree in the arbitration agreement, the arbitration award may be reviewed by other arbitrator (or three-member arbitration tribunal) registered with the Roll of Arbitrators of the Stály rozhodcovský súd on the basis of a request of either party filed within fifteen (15) calendar days from delivery of the award to the party making such request.

Enforcement of Arbitration Award

Valid and enforceable arbitration award of the Stály rozhodcovský súd has the same effects as valid and enforceable judgment of an ordinary court, which means it is a legal title for execution on the basis of which execution proceedings (via bailiff) may be executed against the party to which an obligation was imposed by the arbitration award.

With regard to the fact that the Slovak Republic is a party to the Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards signed in New York on 10th June 1958 (published in the Collection of Laws under No. 74/1959 Coll.), enforceable arbitration award of the Stály rozhodcovský súd is without any complications enforceable in more than 140 countries that have acceded to the Convention. The list of countries that have acceded to the Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards is published on the Internet site www.uncitral.org
No regulation exists with such a broad application as the Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards in the area of recognition and enforcement of judgments of ordinary courts.
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